South Africa’s population is estimated at 55.91 million, says Statistician-General Pali Lehohla.

Releasing the results of the 2016 Mid-year Population Estimates at a media briefing here Thursday, he said said South Africa’s population grew by 1.62 per cent between 2015 and 2016.

According to the report, the black African population is in the majority with 45.11 million people and constitutes approximately 81 per cent of the total South African population. The white population is estimated at 4.52 million, while the coloured population is estimated 4.9 million with the Indian/Asian population at 1.39 million.

Gauteng Province has the largest share of the population with approximately 13.5 million people, followed by KwaZulu-Natal Province with 11.1 million people. Northern Cape remained as the province with the smallest share of the South African population, with approximately 1.17 million people living in that province.

The report found that 51 per cent (28.53 million) of South Africa’s population is female, 30.1 per cent of the population is under the age of 15 years, while approximately 8.0 per cent (4.42 million) is 60 years or older.

KwaZulu-Natal Province, at 3.86 million, has the highest number of children, followed by Gauteng Province with 3.43 million.

The population aged 15 to 34 years were largely uneducated. “They are are in difficult situations and are likely to be in poverty,” said Lehohla.

Lehohla said the estimated HIV prevalence rate in the country was approximately 12.7 per cent, with the total number of people living with HIV being 7.03 million. Among the youth, HIV prevalence in the 15 to 24 age group has declined from 7.6 per cent in 2002 to 5.6 per cent in 2016.

According to the report, on average a South African woman will give birth to 2.43 children in her lifetime. The report noted that fertility has declined from an average of 2.65 children per woman in 2002. Northern Cape, Gauteng and the Western Cape provinces had a lower fertility rate than the national average.

The average life expectancy of South Africans is at 62.4 years, while life expectancy at birth for 2016 is estimated at 59.7 years for males and 65.1 years for females. The infant mortality rate for 2016 is estimated at 33.7 per 1,000 live births.

For the period 2011 to 2016, it is estimated that approximately 247,437 people will have migrated out of Eastern Cape Province, while Limpopo Province is estimated to experience an outflow of nearly 305,030 people.