Daily Archives: November 7, 2018

Red Bull Drawn in Indonesian Cave Dates to 40,000 Years Ago

Scientists have found the oldest known example of an animal drawing: a red silhouette of a bull-like beast on the wall of an Indonesian cave.
The sketch is at least 40,000 years old, slightly older than similar animal paintings found in famous caves in France and Spain. Until a few years ago, experts believed Europe was where our ancestors started drawing animals and other figures.
But the age of the drawing reported Wednesday in the journal Nature, along with previous discoveries in Southeast Asia, suggests that figurative drawing appeared in both continents about the same time.
The new findings fuel discussions about whether historical or evolutionary events prompted this near-simultaneous “burst of human creativity,” said lead author Maxime Aubert, an archaeologist and geochemist at Griffith University in Australia.
The remote limestones caves on Borneo have been known to contain prehistoric drawings since the 1990s. To reach them, Aubert and his team used machetes to hack through thick jungle in a verdant corner of the island.
Search for specific minerals
Strapping on miners’ helmets to illuminate the darkness, they walked and crawled through miles of caves decorated with hundreds of ancient designs, looking for artwork that could be dated. They needed to find specific mineral deposits on the drawings to determine their age with technology that measures decay of the element uranium.
“Most of the paintings we actually can’t sample,” said Aubert.
Aubert and his fellow researchers reported in 2014 on cave art from the neighboring Indonesian island of Sulawesi. They dated hand stencils, created by blowing red dye through a tube to capture the outline of a hand pressed against rock, to almost 40,000 years ago.
Now, with the Borneo cave art, the scientists can construct a rough timeline of how art developed in the area. In addition to the bull, which is about 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide, they dated red- and purple-colored hand stencils and cave paintings of human scenes.
After large animal drawings and stencils, “it seems the focus shifted to showing the human world,” Aubert said.
Around 14,000 years ago, the cave-dwellers began to regularly sketch human figures doing things like dancing and hunting, often wearing large headdresses. A similar transition in rock art subjects happened in the caves of Europe.
“That’s very cool, from a human point of view,” said Peter Veth, an archaeologist at the University of Western Australia, who was not involved in the study. “People adopted similar strategies in different environments as they became more modern.”
Did migrants bring skills?
The island of Borneo was still connected to mainland Southeast Asia when the first figurative drawings were made about 40,000 years ago — which is also about the time that the first modern humans arrived in Europe. The earliest drawings of animals in the French cave of Chauvet have been dated to about 33,500 to 37,000 years ago.
Whether new waves of people migrating from Africa brought the skills of figurative cave painting with them, or whether these arts emerged later, remains unclear.
Scientists have only a partial record of global rock art. The earliest cave etchings have been found in Africa and include abstract designs, like crosshatches, dating to around 73,000 years ago.
The next stage of research in Indonesia will include excavations to learn more about the people who made these paintings. A few sites have already been identified, containing human bones, prehistoric jewelry and remains of small animals.
As for the red bull, its meaning remains a mystery.
“We think it wasn’t just food for them — it meant something special,” said Aubert.

Source: Voice of America

16th Shanghai World Travel Fair – a Professional Platform Dedicated to China Outbound Tourism Market

SHANGHAI, Nov. 7, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — Shanghai World Travel Fair (SWTF), held by Europe Asia Global Link Exhibitions & Shanghai International Convention & Exhibition Corp., Ltd and supported by VNU Exhibitions Asia, is one of the most well-known and influential annual travel exhibitions in China that provides a comprehensive platform for both professional operators and final consumers. Its 16th edition will be held from April 18th to 21st at Shanghai Exhibition Center.

16th Shanghai World Travel Fair - a Professional Platform Dedicated to China Outbound Tourism Market

In 2018, 750 exhibitors and co-exhibitors from 53 different countries exhibited at the show their attractions, resources and travel services to over 43,000 buyers, trade visitors and final consumers. The volume of travel packages’ sales conducted on-site by some of China’s largest travel agencies reached RMB 50,925,000 (over 6.7 million euros).

In 2019, the show will have a strong focus on the buyer program for the exhibitors that are looking to get in touch with tourism professional buyers and trade visitors in China. The show will be a great opportunity to meet a number Chinese buyers coming from some of the wealthiest parts of Eastern China such as Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, as well as the fastest growing second tier regions located in the East of China such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, etc.

The show will host a dedicated B2B hall restricted for access by trade visitors only where a one-stop solution will be offered to the audience, with exhibited tourism products varying from destinations, attractions, airlines, cruises, accommodation, etc. An online match making system is available for the exhibitors and buyers in order for them to schedule meetings with each other prior to the show so that to save time and increase efficiency. Speed matching activities will also take place during the show to give both exhibitors and buyers more networking possibilities among them.

Several concurrent activities are also scheduled to take place during SWTF2019 in order to provide the latest information and hear the latest tourism trends in China and the world presented by key opinion leaders

Shanghai World Travel Fair is part of a global tourism network, which also includes 2 other important events in the tourism market: Chengdu Travel Trade Market (10-12 September 2019) – a B2B travel show that focuses on the second tier cities in the Central & Western China – and TTG TRAVEL EXPERIENCE (9-11 October 2019) – the most important tourism marketplace in Italy. These three shows together create an international platform that facilitates the communication within the world tourism industry as an added value to our customers and partners worldwide.

Reserve your booth at SWTF and explore new opportunities for your business in the China tourism market.

Photo – https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/780850/Shanghai_world_travel_fair.jpg